Steel has several applications in the modern world, but the one most closely linked with it is construction. One of the most important building materials, it is preferred for a number of reasons, but the main among them is its adaptability, comparatively low production costs, high strength, sustainability, and availability.
The shapes that structural steel is categorized into each have their own compositional characteristics that are governed by standards that vary from country to country.
A structural steel structure is a cross-sectional profile produced from steel. Structural steel is used to make various shapes like steel channel bars, angles, pipes, and so on. Here are a few typical shapes for structural steel:
- Angles: Steel angles and pipes are typically used to support any type of steel structure, from supporting a steel bedframe to linking steel bars together.
- Hollow Sections: Hollow pipe-like steel sections with excellent torsional resistance, which means they twist less under weight and are hence perfect for load-bearing.
- Bars: Steel channel bars are functional and are used for various purposes, including construction.
- Universal Columns: Due to their greater load-bearing characteristics, universal columns are generally utilized for vertical building columns.
Material Of Construction
Carbon Steel: Structural steel is carbon steel, which means it contains up to 2.1 percent carbon by weight. Carbon is the second-most crucial component in carbon steel after iron. High-strength and low-ductility materials are produced when the carbon content of steel is increased. The required carbon amount or content will depend on how the steel will be used.
Industries Used In
- Building and Construction: Structural steel channel bars are frequently used in construction because they offer strong water-stopping, load-bearing, and deformation performance during earthquakes.
- Chemical and Petrochemical Sector: Structural steel bar gratings are corrosion- and abrasion-resistant. Since there is a great danger of deterioration, they are employed in the chemical and petrochemical sectors.
- Automobile Construction: Due to the high level of elasticity, strength, and corrosion resistance of structural steel angles and pipes, they are helpful in the construction of automobiles.
- Energy Plants: A variety of energy plants, including those in the nuclear, wind, electric, oil, and natural gas sectors, use structural steel bars for a variety of purposes.
- Offshore Constructions: Structural steel products are used in offshore structures as they are highly durable and resistant even in subfreezing conditions.