A gasket is an elastomeric part that covers the joint between two different materials in a variety of mechanical applications. To stop liquid and gas leaks, they are most frequently utilized to seal the joint between the two target surfaces. However, additional characteristics could also include improved hygiene, anti-vibration, and sound reduction.
Gaskets provide many of the same functions as a seal. The fundamental distinction between the two is that seals are employed on rotating components while gaskets are utilized on objects with flat, static surfaces, such as in union or flange applications.
Material Of Construction
Industrial gaskets come in a wide variety of forms, each of which has its own benefits and strengths when utilized in particular circumstances.
Rubber: Rubber gaskets are a versatile type of gasket. They offer protection against the majority of gases and can withstand the most of mild acids and alkalis.
Asbestos: This material is a preferred choice for industrial gasket as it is hard and fibrous, and it gives excellent resistance to flammable substances and high temperatures.
Non-Asbestos: Non-asbestos gaskets are made from sheet metal and used in low temperatures and low-pressure environments.
Metallic: Metals like stainless steel, carbon steel and soft iron are used to make metallic gaskets. They are utilized in situations where a strong clamping force is required.
Industries Used In
Automotive: In vehicle engines non-asbestos gaskets to be most suitable as they are resistant to fuels and oil and perform well under high temperatures.
Oil and gas: Spiral wound gaskets are the most popular choice in this sector as they are suitable for high temperature and high-pressure environments.
Food processing: Most applications using silicone and rubber gaskets that are suitable to withstand high temperatures and prevent bacterial growth.
Water industry: Non-asbestos material gaskets have good UV resistance and are best suited for water treatment.
Pumping and pipe systems: Gaskets that are made from non-asbestos materials are commonly used in pumping and pipline systems.
Petrochemical and chemical plants: Flange gaskets made from non-asbestos materials are those found in the petrochemical industry.
Pharmaceutical: Silicone and rubber is the preferred choice in this sector for being resitant to most mildly acidic and basic materials.